All Motion is Relative - to something else. To describe the motion of any body at least two points of reference must be taken into account. (a body's motion must be compared to something else, another body, the background, etc.). For example; an automobile's motion compared to the surface over which it is traveling, this goes for the Earth too. The Earth's motion compared to the sun or moon or stars, etc. (each comparison is different) You cannot describe the motion of the Earth without comparing it to something else. Its motion will be different in each case, with the reference to what it is being compared to. However when comparing the earth's motion with space itself its motion is always zero (0). |
The Earth's motion relative absolute space alone, excluding all matter and energy is always zero (0). The Earth is stationary - relative to absolute universal space! Although the earth NOR any other matter has motion relative to absolute space it does have a mass/energy level relative to absolute space. This energy is manifested as its "relativistic inertial mass" or energy level relative only to space itself (it "space energy level"). Michelson, Morley Experiment.
We live on our tiny planet that has many motions in the vast cosmos. It location is in the faster outlying portion of a spiral galaxy. Its motion/energy is higher therefore its relativistic inertial mass will also be higher. This is the area of spiral galxies that has the highest relativistic inertial mass (space energy level) therefore this is where the stars are able to form because of the stronger gravity due to the high relativistic mass (dark matter). The mysterious dark matter is just ordinary matter at a higher mass/energy level relative to absolute space. The high inertial mass/energy level enables gravity to crunch its matter enough for the fusion reactions to create new stars. (Notice the new blue stars in the outer aportions of spiral galaxies.) The galaxy itself is accelerating (falling?) toward the outer regions (border?) of the universe.
The following is a list of the many motions of planet Earth. You will note that all the motions on this list are motions relative to other references, bodies, backgrounds, etc. The one notable exception to this is the Earth does not move relative to absolute (universal) space itself. The Earth's motion relative to universal space is always ZERO(0). This is the result of the Michelson-Morley experiment failed to find any motion of the earth moving through space. The Earth and all other bodies' motion, relative to space, is zero (0). Universal space is all one, it has no references, no direction, therefore no motion can be detected.
The physical "Laws of Nature" create and govern the matter and energy within the universe. The existence of the "Laws of Nature'" are the framework that create the universe and give it its personality. Where these "LAWS" end the universe ends. The universe cannot exist without the Laws of Nature.
The Earth rotates 'relative' to the sun. The planet rotates on its axis taking approximately 24 hours to complete one day/night cycle. This rotation is gradually slowing - it has been slowing ever since its birth, when it exploded out of the sun with the other planets and debris, around four and a half billion years ago. In the past the Earth's rotation was much more rapid. This caused the Earth's shape to be more elliptical and perhaps , when it was very young even have a Saturn type ring around it.
The planet is slowly becoming rounder. As the planetís rotation gradually slows, relative to the sun - the planet slowly becomes a more perfect sphere (rounder). This causes the circumference of the equator to also gradually shrink. This has profound effects on the Earthís crust, oceans and atmosphere as the earth slowly changes its shape. "The Effects of the Earth's Slowing Rotation.
The Earth's revolution, relative to the sun - the Earth takes the planet 365.25 days to complete one revolution around the sun.
Relative to the background of stars, the axis of the planet wobbles (precesses) - it takes 26,000 years to complete one cycle. This can be observed over long periods of time using the stars as a background.
Relative to space itself - taking no other body into account - the planet is completely motionless.
This was indicated by the Michelson-Morley experiment and all other subsequent experiments. No motion has ever been detected between Earth and space. Fitzgerald offered an adhoc explanation that the Earth contracted just enough to compensate for the motion of the Earth through space. Einstein came up with a slightly different explanation but the simple truth is that - the Earth is not moving - relative to space - its speed is zero.
(Ref: The MIND of Mankind, chapter 16 - The Michelson Morley experiment).
Taking the sunís galactic motion into account - the planet is oscillating back and forth across the sunís galactic path - traveling from behind the sun to the front of the sun. It takes one Earth year to complete an oscillation. In this scenario - at Perihelion - the Earth seems to be traveling at its fastest but is not, it is actually falling behind the sun. At Aphelion the Earth is furthest and traveling faster - passing the sun. It is at its highest relativistic mass/energy level.
All the planets in the solar sytem travel at approximately the same speed as they oscillate back and forth across the sunís galactic path. Since each planet is at a different distance from the sun - each has its own individual year but they are all traveling at approximately the same galactic speed.
Relative to the Milky Way, as an integral part of the solar system, the planets oscillate up and down - relative to the neighboring stars as it travels around the Milky Way.
As an integral part of the galaxy the Earth is accelerating (falling) outward toward the outlying region of the universe (or its border if the universe is finite). The "Falling" Galaxies
The magnetic poles of the planetís magnetic field reverses every so often. Is this an indication that the interior of the planet or its magnetic core is also slowly rotating in a north-south direction??
It was the ancient Greek philosophers in particular the Pythagoreans who came up with the theory that the heavenly bodies floated free in space and that their motion was circular. From that idea it was accepted that the Earth is a free floating rotating sphere. Aristarchus suggested the heliocentric (sun centered) theory but that was rejected for the Earth centered theory which was totally wrong but was accepted by the philosopher scientists for the next 1800 years until Copernicus revived the sun centered idea based on Aristarchus's theory.
by Donald Louis Hamilton, author of - "The Mind of Mankind"
Reference: Chapter 15 - Inertia, A Requirement of Space.
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